Hi, I've had my betta for about a month now, and I am concerned by a few things. Since I've had him, his eyes have been cloudy, and I was waiting for them to clear up. They aren't so terrible, but they aren't clear like they should be. Also, his head has always looked weird. It's all red, and it seems like some parts of his skin there are strange, kind of like holes in his head, but I really can't tell. I put him in a salt bath yesterday in hopes to clear up his eyes, and today when changing the water I noticed a flake of skin or scale peeling off of his face. Last time I tested the water, everything was fine, except for the ph which was 8.2. I was hoping that would go down because I recently changed my substrate. I've included pictures, and he is in a heated planted filtered 10 gallon all by himself.
Are you using a water conditioner when changing the water?
What were the results when you tested last other than ph? Ammonia/Nitrite/Nitrate?
I use StressCoat as a conditioner and will add some extra if I notice any issues with the scales or when adding new fish to the tank. It helps with the slime coat. Depending on the water condition, you may want to use this product or Prime if there is an issue with the Ammonia, Nitrite, or Nitrate.
To make sure there isn't a water quality issue can you give us your water test results? Ammonia, nitrIte and nitrAte?
Yes, I tested about 6 days ago:
I do not use water conditioner because I use ro/di water.
Reverse osmosis and distilled water lack pH buffers and thus allow pH to fluctuate. You can buy freshwater buffers or just use tap water treated with a good conditioner.
So you think conditioned tap water will be better for my betta? What conditioner is the best?
Seachem Prime is the best but any conditioner that takes care of chlorine, chloramine and heavy metals will do well. The difference with Prime is that it will also convert ammonia and nitrItes to non toxic forms for up to 48 hrs on top of the other stuff. API Stress Coat+ has aloe if I'm remembering right which helps with a fish's slime coat in addition to the chloramines, chloramines and heavy metals. It's up to you what you'd like to use especially if cost is a factor.
So, do you think my betta needs any medications? I am just worried about his head with the crater hole things and then also his eyes.
I'd skip the meds and instead add 1tsp. aquarium salt (100% sodium chloride) to every gallon of water. Do daily 25% water changes with the appropriate amount of salt added to the new water (i.e. 2 gallon = 2 tsp.). Continue this treatment for 10 days but no more. Excessive use of salt in freshwater fish can cause kidney failure. The salt should be enough to treat the cloudy eye and what looks to be missing scales.